GARDEN TIPS – HOW TO CHOOSE THE BEST TREES FOR YOUR GARDEN? – 2021

So you’re thinking of adorning your garden. Then a good first step is knowing how to choose your trees. Trees will not only give your yard a spectacular look but also will do the job of screening your space, giving privacy, purifying the air around, cooling the surroundings and giving shelter to birds and other tiny but important members of our ecosystem. It is said that if you’re going to plant a tree, but the Day of Judgement begins, go ahead and try to finish planting it before The Hour is established.

Choosing the right tree for your garden will depend upon the same factors as those for choosing plants, which we’ve discussed here- (insert link of our “how to select plants” blog).

How to choose trees : A little heads-up:

  1. Before buying the trees, it would be wise to visit a local botanical garden to analyse the specimens already planted.
  2. When buying, both bare-rooted trees, as well as container-grown trees, will be available to choose from. The containerised trees may be planted at any time of the year but will need more water if planted during spring and summer. For the bare-rooted trees, November to February is the best time period to plant, provided the ground isn’t frozen or drowned.
  3. After planting the trees, watering them appropriately will make all the difference. Instead of watering it daily, water it every 3-4 days. This’ll make sure that the roots don’t remain on the superficial layers of the soil in anticipation of a frequent water supply, but will dig deeper to search for water. This, in turn, will help them survive any drought like situation.

Here are our arboreal suggestions to make things easy:

How to choose trees – SMALL GARDEN TREES:

a) Almond tree

  • Mature height: 12-15 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 4-5 feet
  • Plant it in full sun or partial share in acidic, moist soil.

b) Cherry tree

  • Mature height: 12-15 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 8-10 feet
  • Although some varieties may sometimes grow as tall as 30 feet, so look for a smaller variety in your local gardening centre.
  • Plant it in full sun and moist soil.

c) Juniper

  • Mature height: 10-15 feet
  • Dwarf height: 1 feet. So cute! 😀
  • Have tiny, scale-like leaves.
  • They bear tiny blue or blue-ish green berries.
  • Two great varieties are Hollywood Juniper and Skyrocket Juniper, both drought-resistant and low-maintenance.

d) Lilac

  • Mature height: 8-15 feet
  • Dwarf height: 4-6 feet
  • Pretty, fragrant spring blooms.
  • Plant it in full sun and well-drained soil.
  • Flower colours range from white to hues of pink, purple, lilac or lavender.

e) Mountain Stewartia

  • Mature height: 10-15 feet
  • Dwarf height: 10 feet
  • To be planted in full sun in moist but well-drained soil.
  • Gives lovely white flowers in July.

f) Quince

  • Mature height: 6-10 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 3 feet
  • Usually blooms in spring but some varieties may bloom in the autumn too.
  • Fruits ripened in autumn can be used to make jelly or jam. I only mentioned this to hint that you plant this tree and gift us a jar of that homemade jam! 😀

g) Smoke tree

  • Mature height: 10-15 feet
  • Dwarf height: 4 feet
  • Fine, feathery flowers in June.
  • Plant it in full sun in moist, well-drained soil.

h) Conica Spruce

  • Mature height: 10-12 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 6-8 feet
  • Plant in slightly acidic, moist, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade.

i) Sweet olive

  • Mature height: 10-12 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 4-6 feet
  • Plant it in any soil in full sun or partial shade.

How to choose trees – MEDIUM SIZED TREES:

a) Apple tree

  • Mature height: 20 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 8-10 feet
  • Plant in slightly acidic soil in full sun while it is dormant.
  • Most varieties fruit in 3-5 years. It’s better to have a few apple trees nearby to facilitate pollination.
  • Check out these great 19 apple tree varieties for your garden:

b) Chaste tree

  • Mature height: 10-20 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 3-4 feet

c) Crab Apple

  • Mature height: 20 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 5-10 feet

d) Crape Myrtle

  • Mature height: 15-30 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 3-4 feet

e) Dogwood

  • Mature height: 15-25 feet
  • Dwarf height: 4-6 feet

f) Franklin tree

 

g) Chinese Fringe tree

  • Height: 12-20 feet
  • This is the dwarf variety.

h) Panicle Hydrangea

  • Mature height: 10-25 feet
  • Dwarf Height: 3-5 feet

i) Golden Chain Tree (Laburnum)

  • Mature height: 15-25 feet
  • Dwarf height: 3-4 feet

j) Lemon tree

  • Mature height: 10-20 feet
  • Dwarf height: 4-5 feet

k) Magnolia

  • Dwarf height: 10-30 feet

l) Japanese Red Maple

  • Mature height: 15-25 feet
  • Dwarf height: 2-3 feet

m) Pawpaw

  • Mature height: 15-30 feet
  • Dwarf height: 4-8 feet

n) Peach

  • Mature height: 15-25 feet
  • Dwarf height: 8-10 feet

o) Bartlett Pear

  • Mature height: 20-30 feet
  • Dwarf height: 10-15 feet

p) Cherry Plum

  • Mature height: 15-25 feet
  • Dwarf height: 8-10 feet

q) Juneberry (Serviceberry or Snowy Mespilus)

  • Mature height: 15-25 feet
  • Dwarf height: 10 feet

r) Scarlet Buckeye

  • Dwarf height: 10-20 feet

s) Russian olive

  • Height: 15-20 feet

t) Japanese Stewartia

  • Height: 15-30 feet

u) Tea Tree

  • Mature height: 20 feet
  • Dwarf height: 2 feet

v) Silk or Mimosa tree

  • Height: 20-30 feet

How to choose trees – Large trees:

a) Eucalyptus tree

  • Height: 150-180 feet

b) Willow tree

  • Average height: 35-50 feet
  • Occasionally 70 feet

c) Northern Red Oak

  • Average height: 90 feet
  • Occasionally > 140 feet
  • Lifespan- about 500 years

d) Red Maple

  • Average height: 80 feet
  • Occasionally 125 feet

e) Dawn Redwood

  • Average height: 70 feet
  • Occasionally 200 feet

f) American Sycamore

  • Average height: 100 feet

g) Eastern White Pine

  • Average mature height: 150 feet
  • Occasionally 180 feet
  • Lifespan 400 years

Now that we’ve discussed trees for your garden according to size, we suggest you consider some of the following totally cool trees too-

BEECH TREES:

  • Height: >= 80 feet
  • They give dense shade.
  • Lifespan: 500 years
  • Better suitable for huge gardens since their branches hang low, and being dense can cause obstruction to others around if there’s little room.

  

BIRCH TREES

  • Suitable for large gardens.
  • Height: 40 feet
  • Provides light shade.
  • Very adaptable and fuss-free tree. Can adjust in any type of soil or sunlight exposures and is draught resistant. If only I was half as chilled out as this tree is!
  • Remember to prune only between late-summer to mid-winter (the dormant season), to avoid bleeding of sap and weakening of the tree.
  • Check out this to know the best Birch trees for your garden.

HORNBEAM TREES:

  • Height: 30 feet
  • Careful, as it’s brown nuts are inedible.
  • Seedlings need partial shade in the beginning. But after a season, they need to be transplanted to an area of partial or full sun.

BLOSSOM TREES

  • Have many varieties suitable for all garden-sizes.
  • Height: 13 feet to 66 feet
  • Blossom trees attract the pollinators so your garden will produce more fruits, flowers and seeds.
  • These provide food for both humans and birds.
  • Easy to maintain.
  • We’ve already covered a few of the flowering trees in the previous sections, but checkout these 10 best blossom trees for your garden.

MAPLE TREES

  • It’s smaller, Asian varieties are called Acer.
  • Can adapt to different soils, altitudes, sunlight exposures and can tolerate some dryness.
  • Height depends on the variety: 30-100 feet
  • Some varieties are planted for aesthetic purpose, while others like Sugar Maple, for maple syrup. (Damn. I’m craving pancakes now! ☹)

COTONEASTER TREES

  • Tolerate both dry and moist soil but not water lodgement; both sun and shade.
  • Easy to maintain. Don’t need regular watering or pruning.
  • They attract pollinators, and shelter and feed wildlife.
  • 400 species. Here are 21 best Cotoneaster varieties for your landscape.

COMPACT ASH TREES:

  • Also called Rowan or Mountain Ash trees.
  • Average height: 16 feet.
  • Ornamental, suitable for small to medium sized gardens.
  • Adapt to different soils & sun exposures. Prefer fertile, moist, well-drained soil but one that doesn’t get waterlogged.
  • Here’s some good advice on how you can choose Rowans for your garden.

FINAL THOUGHTS:

Well, I’m proud of you for finishing this kinda-sorta exhaustive guide on choosing the right tree/trees for your garden. We learnt that there’s quite a lot to consider when choosing trees as they can be versatile, with hundreds of different species within the same genus to pick from. You may also consider the colour of leaves, flowers or fruits or the shape of leaves while selecting. We hope, now you can make informed decisions with greater confidence for your space. If you found this useful, do share with your friends and family.

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